Alopecia: New and Existing Treatments for Alopecia

4 minute read

By Editorial Staff

Alopecia is a challenging condition that affects millions of people in the United States alone. For those living with it, the quest for effective treatments can be a top priority. Continue searching online to explore the latest treatment options.

Whether you’re seeking tried-and-true methods or curious about latest advancements, we offer insight into alopecia. Looking at a range of treatments, from the well-established to the innovative, we shed light on what may help those facing hair loss.

What is Alopecia?

Alopecia, a term often used interchangeably with hair loss, is more than just a cosmetic concern. It encompasses a range of hair loss conditions, each with its characteristics and underlying causes.

From the common male-pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) to the more severe and less understood alopecia areata, these conditions share the distressing symptom of hair loss but manifest differently. The unifying factor is the impact on one’s appearance, self-esteem, and quality of life, motivating individuals to seek treatment.

Treatment Options

The journey to addressing alopecia encompasses a variety of treatments, ranging from medications to innovative therapies. Some of the most common options include:


For managing alopecia areata, corticosteroids emerge as formidable warriors against inflammation. These anti-inflammatory agents combat autoimmune conditions like alopecia. Corticosteroids come in various forms, ready to address the unique requirements of patients.

You can opt for scalp injections, oral pills, or topical applications like ointments, creams, or foams. Patience is essential when it comes to the results, as your body’s response to corticosteroids might not be immediate.


Minoxidil, often recognized under the brand name Rogaine, stands as a widely available over-the-counter solution for managing androgenetic alopecia. It is obtainable in various forms, including liquid, foam, and shampoo. While women may achieve desirable results with once-daily applications, men typically benefit from twice-daily use, preferably using the foam on wet hair.

Minoxidil’s mechanism of action involves stimulating hair growth and prolonging the growth phase of existing hair. Results don’t appear overnight; anticipate at least six months of consistent application to prevent further hair loss and commence the regrowth process.


Phototherapy, a treatment method employing specialized lamps that emit ultraviolet light, can offer hope to individuals grappling with alopecia areata. This approach often combines ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) with a drug called psoralen.

The ultraviolet light waves target specific skin and nail disorders, and for alopecia areata, they can stimulate hair regrowth. By exposing the affected areas to controlled doses of ultraviolet light, phototherapy is a promising non-invasive option in the quest for managing alopecia.

Topical Immunotherapy

For extensive cases of alopecia areata, topical immunotherapy has emerged as a promising approach to reignite hair growth. This unique method involves your healthcare provider gently rubbing an allergen into your scalp, stimulating an allergic reaction known as contact dermatitis.

This reaction triggers the immune system to respond, ultimately prompting hair regrowth. While this treatment option shows great potential, it’s not without some side effects.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP therapy involves using the patient’s blood, which is processed to concentrate platelets. These platelets are then injected into the scalp to promote hair growth.

New FDA-Approved Treatment Options: Litfulo and Olumiant

In recent years, the FDA has approved novel treatments for alopecia that offer new hope to those dealing with hair loss.

1. Litfulo (ritlecitinib)

Litfulo, a groundbreaking Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, is a once-daily oral capsule that has garnered FDA approval for the treatment of severe alopecia in both adults and adolescents aged 12 and older. This makes it the first oral medication tailored to a younger age group.

Much like its counterpart, Olumiant, Litfulo operates by harnessing the power of JAK inhibition, stimulating hair regrowth after several months of consistent use. When deciding between Litfulo and Olumiant, age considerations aside, personal preferences, local availability, and cost-effectiveness become essential factors to weigh.

2. Olumiant (baricitinib)

Olumiant (baricitinib), an oral tablet taken once daily, has emerged as a game-changer in the treatment of severe alopecia. This innovative medication, originally greenlit to combat rheumatoid arthritis in 2018, has recently broadened its scope.

In a groundbreaking development, Olumiant was granted FDA approval to treat specific hospitalized adults with COVID-19 in May 2022, underscoring its versatility and potential. However, it reached another significant milestone in June 2022, as it became the very first oral treatment option to gain full approval for the management of severe alopecia in adults.

Learn More About Alopecia Today!

These new treatments, along with established solutions, provide individuals with hope and choices to manage their hair loss effectively. It’s crucial for those facing alopecia to consult with medical professionals.

Whether you’re considering proven methods or exploring the latest advancements, these treatment options can help you regain confidence and take charge of your journey towards managing alopecia. To learn more about these treatments and their availability, continue searching online for even more information.

Editorial Staff