Signs and Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum

4 minute read

By Editorial Staff

Molluscum contagiosum is a common viral skin infection. It’s important to know what to look for. Fortunately, you can learn everything you need to know about molluscum contagiosum with a search online, which could help you spot early symptoms.

Molluscum contagiosum often goes unnoticed due to its benign nature. However, recognizing its signs and symptoms is crucial for timely management. Here’s what you need to know about the common symptoms and treatment options.

What Is Molluscum Contagiosum?

Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus. It primarily affects the skin, creating small, dome-shaped bumps. These bumps are typically flesh-colored and have a central dimple. The infection is usually harmless and self-limiting.

While molluscum contagiosum can affect anyone, it’s most common in children. The bumps can appear anywhere on the body alone or in groups but are rarely found on the hands or soles of the feet.

Who’s at Risk?

Anyone can get molluscum contagiosum but some people are more at risk. For example, individuals with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to molluscum contagiosum. Children ages 1 to 10 years old, due to their developing immune systems, are also commonly affected. People with eczema also have a higher risk.

Additionally, the virus spreads through direct contact or contaminated objects, making athletes who have skin-to-skin contact or share equipment more vulnerable. It’s also more common in warm, humid climates. People living in these environments should be particularly vigilant.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum

There are a few distinct signs of molluscum contagiosum that you should be on the look for, including:

Small, Raised Bumps

The hallmark of molluscum contagiosum is small, raised bumps. These bumps are usually painless and firm. They often appear on the face, neck, arms, legs, and torso. In adults, they may be found in the genital area, indicating sexual transmission.

The number of bumps can vary. Some people have only a few, while others may have many.

Central Dimple

Each bump typically has a central dimple. This is a distinctive feature of molluscum contagiosum. The dimple is often filled with a white, waxy core. If squeezed, a thick, white substance may come out.

This feature helps differentiate molluscum contagiosum from other skin conditions. However, squeezing the bumps is not recommended as it can spread the virus.


While the bumps are generally painless, they can become itchy. Itching is more common if the skin around the bumps is irritated. Scratching can lead to secondary bacterial infections.

It’s important to keep the skin clean and avoid scratching. Over-the-counter remedies may help alleviate itchiness.

Spread of Bumps

The bumps can spread across the skin. This often occurs through scratching or rubbing. Spread is more likely in individuals with eczema or other skin conditions.

Preventing the spread is crucial. Avoiding skin-to-skin contact and sharing clothing, sports equipment, and towels can help prevent the spread. Good hygiene practices and avoiding scratching are also key.

What Causes Molluscum Contagiosum?

The molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) causes this condition. It spreads through skin-to-skin contact. Remember, sharing towels, clothing, or other personal items can also transmit the virus.

The virus thrives in warm, wet environments. Public pools and locker rooms are common places for transmission, so take extra precautions when entering these environments.

When to see a Doctor

Molluscum contagiosum often resolves without treatment, so when should you see a doctor? You should see a dermatologist if you’re not sure if the bumps are caused by molluscum. Dermatologists have the expertise and knowledge to diagnose common conditions of the skin. They can typically confirm a diagnosis just by looking at the bumps.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend letting the bumps clear on their own, especially if you or your child have a healthy immune system. But keep in mind that the condition is still contagious until all bumps are completely gone. It typically takes 6 to 18 months for the bumps to clear without treatment.

In other cases, treatment may be recommended, especially if the bumps are painful, itchy, or infected. Treatment may also be necessary for patients who have a chronic skin condition like eczema or a weakened immune system. If the bumps develop in the genital area, treatment may also be needed.

Treating Molluscum Contagiosum

There are a variety of treatment options ranging from at-home remedies to treatments you must get in the dermatologist’s office. Researching your options before consulting your doctor can help you make an informed choice. Luckily, there’s tons of information available online. That said, always follow the guidance of your health professional.

Learn More About Molluscum Contagiosum Today

Molluscum contagiosum, while usually harmless, can be a cause for concern. Understanding this condition is key to managing it effectively. The internet offers a wealth of information on its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Knowledge is power. By searching online, you can learn more about molluscum contagiosum. This information can help you make informed decisions about your health or that of your loved ones.

Editorial Staff